1. Ask yourself: How would he be able to make gas cheaper? Does he have some method no one else thought of or was able to put into practice? Could it succeed? Or is he just lying and telling you what you want to hear to get your vote?

  2. This is definitely a great video that explores critical thinking skills, though I also think that when people are learning about skepticism and critical thinking skills that it's important not to conflate them with cynicism, since there are going to be moments in life where skepticism and logic wouldn't always be involved (such as falling in love, acknowledging/facing fears, expressing empathy and compassion, and so on).
    Personally, I think that forgiveness and understanding on being human should be added to lessons on critical thinking and cognitive biases so that there's balance to developing their cognitive skills.

  3. It's like how you write an experiment in science. Aim(formulate the question), Apparatus, theory, (gather information), Procedure(apply information), Observations(consider the implications), precautions/sources of error(explore other points of view).

  4. Logic is that has a formula, namely as a law of cause and implication.

    A ∨ B ∨ C ∨ ….etc ⇒ Z ———-> Logic formula

    A=(a1 ∧ a2 ∧ a3 ∧ a4 ∧….etc) —–> cause

    B=(b1 ∧ b2 ∧ b3 ∧ b4 ∧ b5 ∧…etc) —–> cause

    C=(c1 ∧ c2 ∧ c3 ∧ c4 ∧…etc) —–> cause

    D=(d1 ∧ d2 ∧ d3 ∧ d4 ∧ d5 ∧…etc) —–> cause

    Z=(z1 ∧ z2 ∧z3 ∧ z4 ∧….etc) —–> implication

    ∨ is an abstract symbol for or

    ∧ is an abstract symbol for and

    ⇒ is an abstract symbol for implication

    ¬ is an abstract symbol for not

    To think logically is to make an logic equation by

    replacing the abstract symbol at in logical formulas

    either in cause or implication or both at once with

    whatever we think then we compare it to reality then

    everything will look more clearly.

    The logic equation is always certain (consistent)

    and precision because the logic equation is law

    of nature so that if a logical equation arises

    compared to natural law it is not consistent then

    it is suspected that the equation is has a problem

    referred to as paradox.

    With a simple logic formula it turns out that it can

    explain most of the logic problems like analogy,

    deductive, inductive, paradox and proof.

    The analogy is if A ≠ B we enter into a logical formula

    will form the following logic equation:

    if "A ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

    then "A ∨ B ⇒ Z" ?(maybe true) —>analogy.

    Deductive and inductive is when CC = (cc1, cc2, cc3,

    cc4, cc5, …. etc.) where CC is a group and cc1,

    cc2, cc3, … etc. are members of CC group, if we

    enter into the logic formula it will form the following

    logic equation:

    if "CC ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

    then "CC ∨ cc1 ∨ cc2 ∨ cc3 ∨ …etc ⇒Z" ✓(certainly

    true) —-> deductive.

    if "cc1 ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

    then "cc1 ∨ CC ⇒ Z" ?(maybe true) —> inductive.

    The paradox is when the two same logical equations

    but with conflicting consequences like following:

    if there ! "A ⇒ Z" !

    ! ! —-> paradox

    but also there ! "A ⇒ ¬Z" !

    Because the paradox is impossible thing then what is

    called proof if an event happening in the form "A ⇒ Z"

    is all over components of causes namely a1, a2 a3, a4,

    … etc. and all components of implication namely z1,

    z2, z3, … etc. must exist, Because of the
    of the human brain usually only used as evidence only
    some of the component of cause and implication so
    that the proof humans are never perfect.

    English by google translate.

  5. I think desicion should be taken before it is applied. And figuring about the implications and other's point of view, since, it is a part of taking decision, the 3rd step shown here should rather be the last step….
    Please help me clear if I'm wrong somewhere.

  6. For effective critical thinking…one must know how to..
    Analyse cause and effects
    Classify and sequence
    Compare and contrast

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